The NYPD said at least 120 people were arrested and at least 15 police vehicles damaged or destroyed.
The Los Angeles mayor said National Guard troops were being sent in to the nation's second-largest city.
Tense protests over the death of George Floyd and other police killings of black men grew Saturday from New York to Tulsa to Los Angeles, with police cars set ablaze and reports of injuries mounting on all sides.
Officials say the area had been looted by rioters from the chaotic Center City protests.
As the night dragged on, fires erupted across the city's south side, including at a Japanese restaurant, a Wells Fargo bank and an Office Depot.
Shouting “Black Lives Matter” and “I can't breathe,” hundreds of people converged on the White House.
In one video, a bottle was apparently smashed against the widow and the truck then suddenly accelerated, knocking several people to the side.
Military units would be deployed under the Insurrection Act of 1807, which was last used in 1992 during the riots in Los Angeles that followed the Rodney King trial.
A federal law enforcement officer in California was killed and another critically injured after being shot while providing security at the U.S. courthouse in Oakland near one of the increasingly violent protests unfolding around the country.
The unrest this week recalled the riots in Los Angeles nearly 30 years ago.