USFA: Residential Building Fires, 2017 – 2019

National estimates for 2017 to 2019 show that 77% of all fire deaths and 75% of all fire injuries occurred in residential buildings.
(United States Fire Administration graphic)

The residential building portion accounts for the vast majority of civilian casualties

United States Fire Administration

Each year from 2017 to 2019, fire departments responded to an estimated 368,500 fires in residential buildings across the nation.1,2 These fires resulted in an annual average of 2,770 deaths, 11,650 injuries and $8.1 billion in property loss.

The residential building portion of the fire problem is of great national importance, as it accounts for the vast majority of civilian casualties. National estimates for 2017 to 2019 show that 77% of all fire deaths and 75% of all fire injuries occurred in residential buildings.3

The term “residential buildings” includes what are commonly referred to as “homes,” whether they are 1- or 2-family dwellings or multifamily buildings. It also includes manufactured housing, hotels and motels, residential hotels, dormitories, assisted living facilities, and halfway houses – residences for formerly institutionalized individuals (patients with mental disabilities, drug addictions, or those formerly incarcerated) that are designed to facilitate their readjustment to private life. The term “residential buildings” does not include institutions, such as prisons, nursing homes, juvenile care facilities or hospitals, even though people may reside in these facilities for short or long periods of time.

As part of a series of topical reports that address fires in types of residential buildings, this report addresses the characteristics of all residential building fires as reported to NFIRS. The focus is on fires reported from 2017 to 2019, the most recent data available at the time of the analysis.4 NFIRS data is used for the analyses throughout this report. READ MORE

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